How to start studying Graphic Design?
|Graphic Design Software|
According to Suyanto, graphic design is defined as "the application of art and communication skills for business and industry needs ". These applications can include advertising and sales of products, creating a visual identity for the institution, products and companies, and environmental graphics, information design, and visually enhance the message publication.
While Jessica Helfand in http://www.aiga.com/ site defines graphic design as a complex combination of words and pictures , numbers and charts , photographs and illustrations that require special thought of an individual who can combine elements this eleman , so that they can produce something special , very useful , surprising, or subversive or something easy to remember .
According to Danton Sihombing graphic design employs a variety of elements such as signs, symbols; verbal descriptions are visualized through typography and images with photographic techniques or illustration. The elements are implemented in two functions, as visual devices and communication devices.
According to Michael Kroeger visual communication (visual communication), graphic design is the theory and practice concepts through visual terms - terms by using color, shape, line and juxtaposition (juxtaposition).
Suyanto Warren in the sense of graphic design as a translation of the ideas and place it into some kind of structural order and visual.
While Blanchard defines graphic design as a communicative art related to the industry, the arts and the process of producing a visual image on any surface.
Category Graphic Design
Broadly speaking, graphic design can be divided into several categories:
1. Printing ( Printing ), which includes the design of books , magazines , posters , booklets , leaflets, flyers , pamphlets , advertising , and other similar publications .
2. Web Design: design for a web page.
3. Films including CDs, DVDs, multimedia CD for sale.
4. Identification ( Logo ) , EGD ( Environmental Graphic Design ) : is a professional design which includes graphic design , architectural design , industrial design , and garden architect .
5. Product design, packaging and the like.
Graphics Processing Program
because graphic design is divided into several categories the means to process varies, depending on the needs and goals work.
1. Application Processing Layout (Layout)
This program is often used for making brochures, pamphlets, booklets, posters, and other similar. The program is able to adjust the placement of text and images taken from other programs (such as Adobe Photoshop). Included in this group are:
- Adobe Frame Maker
- Adobe In Design
- Adobe Page Maker
- Corel Ventura
- Microsoft Publisher
- Quark Xpress
2. Vector Processing Applications / Line
Programs included in this group can be used to create images in the form of a vector / line so often referred to as the Illustrator program. All the objects that produced a combination of several lines, either straight or curved lines are a design graphic scope. Applications that are included in this group are:
- Adobe Illustrator
- Beneba Canvas
- Macromedia Freehand
- MetaCreations Expression
- Micrografx Designer
3. Pixel Processing Applications / Image
Programs included in this group can be used for image processing / manipulation of images (photo retouching). Pseudo- objects processed in the program - the program is considered as a combination of points / pixels that have a certain density and color, for example, a photo. Picture in picture is formed of a set of pixels that have a certain density and color. Even so, the program included in this group can also process text and lines, but considered as a collection of pixels. Objects imported from vector processing program / line, after being processed by pixel processing programs / points will automatically be converted into the form of pixel / dot.
Included in this application are :
- Adobe Photoshop
- Corel Photo Paint
- Macromedia XREs
- MetaCreations Painter
- MetaCreations Live Picture
- Micrografx Picture Publisher
- Microsoft Photo Editor
- Wright Image
4 . Application Processing Film / Video
Programs included in this group can be used to process the film in various formats. Giving the title text (such as karaoke, subtitles, etc.) can also be processed using this program. Generally, the granting of special effects (special effects) as the explosions, bullets whistle, waves, etc. can also be created using this application. Are included in this category are :
- Adobe After Effects
- Power Director
- Show Biz DVD
- Ulead Video Studio
- Element Premier
- Easy Media Creator
- Pinnacle Studio Plus
- WinDVD Creater
- Nero Ultra Edition
5 . Multimedia Processing Applications
Programs included in this group are usually used to create a masterpiece in the form of promotion Multimedia , company profiles , and the like , and is packaged in a CD or DVD . Multimedia may include film / movie, animation, text, images, and sound dirancan such a way that the message is delivered more interktif and interesting.
Included in this group are:
- Macromedia Authorware
- Macromedia Director
- Macromedia Flash
- Multimedia Builder
- Hyper Studio
- Ovation Studio Pro